What Happens to the Placenta After Giving Birth to Your Baby

What Happens to the Placenta After Giving Birth to Your Baby

The placenta is a vital organ during pregnancy that nourishes your baby well during pregnancy. It is attached at the top of the uterus, and the baby is connected with an umbilical cord. When the baby is delivered placenta follows in some cases, but there are some exceptions also. In this article, we will discuss in detail what are the functions and what happens to the placenta after birth.

Functions of placenta

The placenta is a large and most vital organ developed during pregnancy. Mother’s Blood passes through the placenta to provide oxygen, glucose, and other essential nutrients which are responsible for the proper growth and development of your fetus. It also filters and removes harmful substances and carbon dioxide from baby’s Blood to save him from any potential risks.

Placenta also produces many vital hormones like progesterone, lactogen, which are important and needed for pregnancy. 

It keeps the mother and fetus blood separate to protect the baby from infection. At the end of the pregnancy, the placenta passes some antibodies to protect the baby after birth.

What happens to the placenta after birth.

Placenta often develops low in the womb, and it is the normal position but moves to the outside when the uterus stretches. After the 18th week of pregnancy, your placental status is checked in an ultrasound.

In vaginal deliver

When the baby is delivered through the uterus, it will continue to contract. These contractions will move the placenta forward for delivery. These contractions are not as strong as labor pains. Doctors advised continuing to push by pressing your stomach to advance the placenta forward. 

Placental delivery is quick; it usually takes 5 to ten minutes generally, but it prolongs for some women. 

The placenta is attached to the baby’s umbilical cord. There is no feeling of pain when it cuts because it does not contain any nerve connection. However, some doctors wait to cut it until it stops pulsing to ensure that the baby gets maximum and most possible blood flow. If the cord is rounded around the baby’s neck, then it is not an option.

In cesarean delivery

If you deliver by the cesarean process, then doctors immediately remove your placenta before closing up the incision in the uterus and stomach. After delivery, your doctors will likely massage the top of the uterus to force it to start shrinking.  If the womb cannot shrink, your doctor prescribed some medication. 

Uterus contraction also happens when the mother first breastfeeds her baby. Regardless of the way, your doctor continues to examine the placenta for intactness. If some portion of it is missing your doctor will prescribe you an ultrasound to diagnosis. Sometimes excessive bleeding after delivery may be an indication that the placenta is still in the uterus.

Retained placenta 

Women deliver the placenta after 60 minutes after giving birth, but if the placenta is not delivered, then it is a retained placenta. There are specific causes of retained placenta

  • The placenta is tightly attached to the walls of the uterus.
  • Cervix has closed, and a small opening cannot let the placenta to come out.
  • Some portions are broken and some retained with the walls of the uterus.

If the placenta is retained, it is a significant concern because it may lead to bleeding excessively, and women suffer from severe vaginal infection.

Doctors advised to remove it as soon as possible. If you are concerned with your retained placenta, discuss with your doctor before delivery. Your doctor will discuss your delivery plan and tell you when your placenta is delivered.